Albenga was the ancient capital of the powerful Ligurian tribe of the Ingauni , from which it took the name of Albium Ingaunum (the name later changed to Albingaunum, Albingauna and finally Albenga).
Among the remains of the Roman era of Albenga are the ruins of an amphitheater, a theater and an aqueduct, some public buildings, a funerary monument of the second century. AD called Il Pilone sul Monte, the hill in the direction of Alassio, together with sections of the ancient Via Iulia Augusta and ruins of villas. The ruins of the cemetery basilicas of San Vittore and San Calocero are preserved from the 4th and 5th centuries. Today it has the best preserved historical center in western Liguria, the ancient inhabited area maintains its compact medieval construction, on the plan of the Roman core, with leaning houses and the famous towers; living testimony of the importance of Albingaunum in history.